6 Newborn Baby Eye Problems

A lot of people think eye problems come with age, but there are many eye problems that newborn babies can have. Babies can develop eye problems for a variety of reasons such as from infections, present of problem at birth, or congenital eye problems, amongst other reasons. Here I will go through a few of these problems.

1. Childhood Cataracts

Childhood cataracts is a common eye problem. They can be congenital, developing before or soon after a baby is born, or they can develop in older babies and children. Although more commonly found in older adults cataracts can happen at any age. Cataracts happen when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and hardens which causes issues with the vision. Cataracts in babies are normally picked up by healthcare professionals when they are carrying out checks on the baby. It may be necessary for the baby to have surgery to remove the cataracts. They can occur in one or both eyes.

2. Blocked Tear Ducts

Tears are drained from each eye from four tiny holes on the eyelid margins, two at the top and two at the bottom. Another common condition in babies is that one or more of the ducts may be blocked. This can cause eye infections and the baby might need antibiotics to clear up the infection. If the tear duct does not open naturally, then surgery with an ophthalmologist may be required, but most tear ducts do open up by themselves within the baby’s first year.

3. Ptosis

Again, ptosis is a problem seen a lot in older adults where one or both eyelids start to droop. This can also be found in newborn babies where one or both eyelids do not develop correctly. Surgery may be needed, as if it is left untreated it can cause a lazy eye later in the baby’s life.

4. Retinopathy of Prematurity

Babies that are premature can be born with underdeveloped eyes. It tends to be the blood vessels that transport blood to the retina that are not fully matured and need more time to grow. Once a baby is born, the inside of the eye could be damaged if these type of blood vessels do not grow as they should. Premature babies will be under constant monitoring and they will have an examination of their eyes to make sure the blood vessels have developed correctly, if they are not then treatment may be needed to prevent any more damage to the eye.

5. Eye Infections

Babies are exposed to whatever bacteria is found in the mother’s birth canal during labour, and this can cause eye infections. It isn’t uncommon for babies to contract conjunctivitis soon after birth, an antibiotic drop or ointment will clear this up. There are also various sexually transmitted infections which can be passed onto the baby during labour that cause eye infections.

6. Eye Defects

Newborn babies can be born with eye defects that can affect any part of the eye such as the cornea, lens, retina, eyelids, one eye being smaller than the other, and sometimes there is an abnormality or loss of vision that cannot be explained. If a baby is born with an eye defect it is known as a congenital condition, and depending on the type of defect it is, will depend if treatment or surgery is needed.

Eyes are such an important part of us and looking after them needs to start from birth. If you have any concerns about your newborn’s eyes, whether it be infection, disease or just something that doesn’t seem right it is extremely important to get it checked by an eye doctor as soon as possible to avoid any long term damage or vision loss.

Eye Conditions That Require Skill Ofan Eye Care Hospital

Eyes are the windows for any human being to the beautiful world. It is one of the most sensitive creations of nature and must be dealt with utmost care and compassion. Maintaining optimum vision should be the main priority of a human being. Proper attention should be devoted to the condition of the eyes and any diversion from the normal state should be brought to immediate notice of a certified specialist. The utmost importance of regular check up cannot be underestimated. It will ensure that your prescription stays updated, closely following the prevalent condition of the eyes. There are some conditions that normally do not show any early signs or symptoms, when they are in their initial stages. Only a routine checkup can rule out the probability of such a condition and help to avoid aggravation of the condition.

Routine eye checkup becomes mandatory once a person crosses 40 years of age, for preserving the eye-sight and maintaining it. There are many common symptoms that can be noticed in ageing adults which require expertise of some specialist in some good eye-care hospital to detect the problem on time. Some of these symptoms include difficulty in seeing objects that are at a closer distance or smaller prints, presence of tiny spots or specks that hover across the vision, entire area near the eye covered with cloudy areas, dryness, night blindness, redness, tearing, burning and itching. Apart from such problems, there can be eyelid problems as well, that include drooping of eyelids, inflamed eyelids, involuntary blinking and so on.

Headache can be also regarded as a symptom of eye problems and if it is not medicated on time then it can result in weakening of the eyes. Eye problems are also prevalent in children and the most common being astigmatism. Usually astigmatism goes undetected, which can cause further complications. Children can experience difficulty in reading or doing intricate work, squinting, frequent blinking and so on.

On some unfortunate events, Eye injuries could occur, which could cause unexpected loss of normal vision. They can include pain, flashing lights or loss of sight. Such situations can be regarded as medical emergencies and must be brought to the notice of a dedicated surgeon in some hospital who is capable of handling such traumatic situations and provide required aid on time with the help of skilled doctors and advanced technology.

Computer Eye Strain & Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

Computer eye strain is caused when you overuse your eyes and they become fatigued. Eye strain can occur when looking at a computer screen, or other device, for too long. Normally resting your eyes can help relieve the symptoms of computer eye strain. Symptoms of computer eye strain can include; headaches, difficulty focusing, dry eyes, watery eyes, eye discomfort, blurred vision, itchy eyes, and tired eyes.

Computer Eye Strain; How Does It Cause Meibomian Gland Dysfunction?

The meibomian glands are the tiny glands on the lower and upper eye lid margins that secrete oil, which when we blink, protection the surface of the eye. This oil helps keep the water element of your tears from drying out too quickly. Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a very common type of dry eye disease where the meibomian glands do not secrete enough oil or the quality of the oil is not good. Normally in MGD the glands get blocked and very little oil, if any, can get out and this causes the eye symptoms. Computer eye strain can cause MGD due to a reduction in blinking. Most people when using a computer or similar device do not blink as often as they should, this can be up to 60% less blinking than when not looking at a computer. If your blink rate is reduced, the oils will not be secreted as often which means the watery element in your tears evaporates quicker, drying out your eyes. Overtime this can cause the glands to block leading to meibomian gland dysfunction.

Treatment for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

There are many different types of treatment that can help MGD sufferers and what suits one person may not suit another. If MGD has been linked to computer eye strain, then looking at the way you use a computer is a good place to start. Trying to reduce the time in front of a computer can be difficult, especially if you use a computer for work, but remembering to blink and keeping hydrated will help. Also try to follow the 20-20-20 rule; every 20 minutes’ look 20 feet away from your screen for 20 seconds. MGD sufferers will likely need to combine this with other at home’ treatments, such as heated eye masks, eye lid massaging, artificial tear drops, taking omega 3 supplements, and possibly taking other medication. There are other treatments that can be offered with an ophthalmologist or eye clinic that have great results in helping with MGD when used in conjunction with the at home’ treatments;

E-Eye Intense Regulated Pulsed Light (IRPL) The E-Eye device creates polychromatic pulsed light using the new IRPL (intense regulated pulsed light) technology. The E-Eye releases a flash of light that is made up of a pulse train, which is flashed on the treatment area (cheekbone and temple area around the eye). Within this treatment area nerve branches are located and these nerve branches are connected to meibomian gland nerves. When these nerve branches are flashed with the E-Eye (IRPL) it causes a stimulatory response within the meibomian glands and they start to resume secretion of the normal oil layer again and symptoms of eye dryness will disappear. Accordingly, it will be effective in 80% of patients affected by dry eye disease. From a single flash of IRPL it is possible to produce sub-flashes of varying intensities, this offers unparalleled therapeutic potentials, especially with the treatment of MGD, which is impossible with conventional IPL. The E-Eye emits a cold light’ and it is non-invasive, totally painless, and entirely harmless to the eyeball.

Spring Clean Your Eye Health

1.Allergies

The season of spring is not only a sign that the days are getting longer and brighter but also that flowers, plants, trees and grasses begin to come alive again after the cold winter. This may look nice but if you suffer from allergies, such as hay fever, this can play real havoc with your eyes. If you use antihistamines, try to start these early in the year so when hay fever season starts you will already be protected. Also, where possible, try to avoid going outside on high pollen days, but if you have to, as soon as you get back home have a shower/bath and put on fresh clothes to avoid the pollen returning to your eyes from your body and clothes. There are many aids to help your eyes during the hay fever months, getting an appointment with your ophthalmologist to discuss your options is always recommended.

2.Sunglasses

Sunglasses should be worn all year round but many people forgot to wear them during the winter months and wait until the bright summers days to start wearing them again. Make an effort to start wearing your sunglasses earlier this year. During the spring months of March, April and May the days start to get brighter and longer but even when we get those grey days you should try to wear sunglasses when outdoors, it’s a great habit to get into. Long term sun overexposure can play a part in causing some eye problems, such as cataracts, so protecting them earlier will always be best.

3.Diet & Exercise

After the long winter months of possibly less exercise and a poor diet, spring is a perfect way to kick start healthy living again. A healthy diet and exercise is not only great for your general health but is very important to eye health. Foods high in beta-carotene, omega 3, vitamin c and e, and lutein are vital to healthy eyes. Examples of these foods are carrots, pumpkin, oily fish, berries, citrus fruit, almonds, avocados, kale, spinach, and eggs.

4.Rest & Relaxation

Resting and relaxing your eyes is very important in keeping them healthy. If you spend a lot of time looking at a computer screen for example, you could strain your eyes. A great tip is following the 20-20-20 rule; every 20 minutes’ look about 20 feet away for 20 seconds, this can really help prevent your eyes getting tired and strained from over working them. Getting good sleep is another way your eyes need to rest, about 7-8 hours for an average adult is recommended. Placing something warm over closed eye lids, such as a heated eye mask, can really aid in resting and relaxing your tired eyes in the evening, this is also great if you suffer from dry eyes and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).

5.Eye Test

The average adult should have an eye test every 2 years and this may be more frequent if you suffer with health or eye problems. Spring is a perfect time to check if you are due for an eye test. If you are looking for a more thorough examination you can get an appointment with an ophthalmologist, their appointments tend to be more detailed and it may include having detailed eye scans (topography) carried out to enable the ophthalmologist to check all parts of your eyes more thoroughly.

5 Benefits Of Lutein Supplements For Eye Health

What is Lutein? Don’t we have natural lutein in our body? How can lutein aid in making our eyes healthy? What benefits it can give to us. Are supplements for the eyes healthy?
Medical history provides that people with high blood sugars often have poor eye sight. One of the food supplement that can aid eye health is by taking and using lutein. The study has shown that people having poor eye sight should take the desired amount or lutein. What is the medical term of Lutein? Lutein is called a carotenoid vitamin. It is a vitamin that can help your vision more healthy and enable you to have a 20/20 vision. Further, it is also a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids and it is synthesized only by plants. In addition, lutein is even referred to as �the eye vitamin�.
Lutein is the eye supplement and eye food. Thus, it has been noted that foods that are rich in lutein are squash, orange juice, kale, spinach, kiwi fruits, grapes zucchini and broccoli. This must be taken into consideration in order for the people with poor eye sight to be more cautious. It is best absorbed in the body when it is taken with a high-fat meal.
History has been told that, when people begin to age, the level of lutein within the body will normally decrease because of lower in production inside the body. The level of lutein typically is lower to those people who smoke and to women who are in their postmenopausal stage of life.
Thus, a lower amount of lutein in the body would trigger the poor quality of your eye sight. Luckily, nowadays, people can easily fill up the amount of lutein in the body through some nutritional supplements. There are loads of lutein supplements in the market. The only questions are which of them offers the best quality.
These supplements had been proven that it has incredibly prevented eye-related health issues such as cataract and dry eye syndrome. Research also found that by taking 15 to 40 mg of lutein daily can give protection for most eye health issues of some people. Lutein can function as a light filter which protects the eye tissues from direct sunlight damage.
Benefits of Lutein in regards to eye health are wide-ranging and can help to reduce fatigue in the eye itself.
But does Lutein only used for the health of one’s eye? Or are there any benefits that lutein has that can be benefited by other systems of the body?
1.)Lutein is not only good for the eye health because studies show that people who take lutein can maintain positive heart health.
2.)Lutein also lowers the risk of diabetes.
3.)Lutein can also reduce the risk of cancer because it reduces the inflammation and oxidative stress.
4.)Some studies have been found that Lutein is able to support the function of the brain and enhance the status of the abilities of your memory.
5.)Some people take Lutein for the prevention of colon cancer, breast cancer, type 2 diabetes and heart diseases.

Glaucoma, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment For It

Glaucoma is a condition that affects the optic nerve in the eye. The optic nerve is majorly responsible for vision and transmits images to the brain. The cause for Glaucoma is an increased pressure inside the eye, also known as intraocular pressure. This force of pressure in the eye leads to the damage of the optic nerve.

Glaucoma can be hereditary in nature and may show up in the later stages of life. Poor blood flow to the optic nerve also causes Glaucoma. Without proper treatment, Glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss.

What are the symptoms for Glaucoma?

If you’re over 40 years of age and have a family history of Glaucoma, it is highly recommended to get a complete eye examination done from a Glaucoma specialist every 1 to 2 years. If diabetes or a history of glaucoma is prevalent in the family, a person may be more prone to eye disorders and diseases and may require frequent eye check-ups.

People who suffer from poor eye vision or are suffering from diabetes are also at the risk of getting Glaucoma. People who have suffered accidental injury or trauma on their eyes or are on steroids are equally at the risk of getting Glaucoma.

Glaucoma is considered to be difficult to be understood by the patient himself and difficult to diagnose as well at an early stage. Other symptoms for Glaucoma include-

Pain in the eyes, severe headaches, blurred vision or the appearance of halos around lights, redness in the eyes, hazy eyes, nausea or vomiting and narrowed vision or tunnel vision are some symptoms which must not be ignored.

Address all your eye problems carefully with a Glaucoma specialist to ensure a perfect vision.

How common is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of permanent blindness in the world today. Studies reveal thatapproximately6 million people suffer from blindness due to this disease.

What is more adverse is that Glaucoma is initially difficult to diagnose. This is because the disease causes no symptoms other than the first sign that is a gradual loss of side vision (which is the peripheral vision) and also it is difficult to understand. Due to its difficult diagnosing, Glaucoma is also known as �sneak thief of vision’.

How is Glaucoma diagnosed?

The Glaucoma specialist to provide you Glaucoma treatment will use eye drops to dilate your pupils and examine them carefully. Scans and pictures are also taken by eye specialists to observe the eye conditions over a period of time. Tests such as Tonometry are conducted to check the eye pressure. Visual field tests and examination help the eye doctor to diagnose Glaucoma